Flowers are golden yellow and displayed in a flat-topped arrangement providing a nectar-rich feast for a variety of pollinators, especially the monarch butterfly. This easy to maintain, long-lived perennial likes full sun in well-drained, even gritty soil and tolerates dry conditions. For long lasting cut flowers sear the ends of the stem with a flame. Stimulate a second bloom cycle by deadheading. Grows to 20-24”.
Perennial, zone 3-8
Germination: 14-30 days
Seed Planting Depth: On surface, press in and cover lightly
Starting Indoors/Outdoors: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost. Cold treat seed by sowing into moist soil or paper towel, wrap in a clear plastic bag and place in refrigerator for 2-3 weeks; then provide 65-75 degree soil temperatures until germination. Sow outdoors in early spring or early fall, spacing 5-10 seeds every 12".
Height and Width: 24" x 24"
Light Needs: Full sun
Soil Needs: Average to sandy, well drained
Approximate days to flower from seed: Blooms in the second year, mid to late summer
Uses: Wildflower and cottage gardens, cut flower, deer resistant, attracts butterflies and beneficials
Caution: Young shoots, roots and seeds pods are harmful if ingested raw