Developed by the Messina Wildlife Management, this ready-to-use spray repels groundhogs, gophers, raccoons, skunks, woodchucks, beavers, rabbits, and armadillos. Active ingredients include putrescent whole egg solids, mint oil, rosemary oil, and cinnamon oil. Due to food allergies, it should not be applied directly to fruits and vegetables. For edible crops, you may spray around the perimeters. The product can be applied in any temperature, dries clear, and may be reapplied as needed usually every 30 days. The bottle will cover approximately 1,000 sq. ft. Made in USA.