The true medicinal, this variety grows to 2-3 feet and is covered with pale pink to violet 2-inch blooms. Echinacea was widely used by the Great Plains tribes of Native Americans and is still in use today as an anti-bacterial, an immune system stimulant, and as an insecticide. The root of the plant is the primary medicinal contributor.
Perennial, zones 3-8
Germination: 10-21 days
Seed Planting Depth: Sow ⅛” deep
Starting Indoors: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before the last frost. Provide 70-75ºF soil temperature. Transplant after the last frost, 18-24" apart.
Sowing Outdoors: Mid-spring and fall
Spacing: 18-24" apart
Growth Habit: Upright
Height and Width: 15-20" x 30-36"
Light Needs: Full sun
Soil Needs: Average, well-drained
Approximate days to flower from seed: Blooms in the first season when started early indoors, mid to late summer thereafter.
Uses: Flower beds, cottage and wildflower gardens, cut flowers, attracts pollinators and birds
Care: Water seedlings regularly until established. Amend the soil with compost before transplanting. Cut back stems as the blooms fade, this encourages more flower production. Don’t cut the plant down in fall, leave the edible seedheads up for the birds