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527

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel is a semi-hardy perennial making it through the winter here about 50% of the time. This variety is grown for its leaves and anise-flavored seeds and can grow up to 4-6 feet . These decorative fern-leaved plants can be started indoors or out and grown as an annual in colder parts of the country. Plant toward the edges or borders of vegetable gardens , it not a good companion when planted to closely with other vegetables, especially beans, tomato, dill, and carrots.   100 seeds

 

Planting

Perennial  Zone  6/7-10

Germination: 7-14 days

Seed Planting Depth: 1/4"

Starting Indoors/Outdoors:  Sowing outdoors is best, in the spring when soil temps reach 65 degrees. Sow a few seeds every 4-6" , thin to 12-18" apart.  For a head start you can start indoors 4-5 weeks before last frost using peat,cow,or paper pots(grows a delicate taproot, successful transplanting may be difficult) Provide 65-70 degrees soil temperatures. Transplant to 12-18" apart. Reseeds easily.

Light  Needs:  Full sun

Soil Needs:  Average  to fertile ,well drained

Uses:  Medicinal, culinary,ornamental, attracts bees and beneficials 

 

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